عنوان مقاله [English]
Moral responsibility to other human beings is one of the fundamental issues addressed by moral schools and philosophers. The present study, using a descriptive-analytical method based on Kant's view, addresses the question of what is the concept of moral responsibility and from the perspective of conscientious objectors, what is the position of others in moral relations and responsibilities and why the moral agent has moral responsibility to others. Based on the explanations and evaluations, it became clear that conscientiousness, unlike other theories, has a more coherent approach to the concept of moral responsibility. Conscientiousness emphasizes the role of actual goodness along with the present goodness on the role of moral duties by emphasizing the issue of merit, competence and merit of the moral agent. In a general sense, conscientiousness has a more coherent approach to the concept of moral responsibility than moral theories, and considers issues such as entitlement, authority, rationalism, dignity, and merit. In his moral theory, Kant addresses many forms of conscientiousness, including rationalism and elitism in the field of ethics, but he seeks to bring ethics from popular sentiment, experience, and wisdom to the rational foundation, and accordingly to responsibility. Draw a morality based on merit and merit.