عنوان مقاله [English]
the moral consequences of approved laws and regulations are subject to reflection. This issue needs research and analysis to help the legislator in decision-making and legislation do it in accordance with ethical rules and ensuring an ethical approach to prevent the moral ineffectiveness of laws or their immoral approach. The fourth paragraph of Article 190 of the Civil Code introduces one of the basic conditions for the validity of transactions as "the legitimacy of the stimulus of transaction" and thereby considers the illegitimate motive to invalidate the contract. The means of concluding a contract is to carry out illegitimate goals, including committing sin and conduct that is prohibited and contrary to public order. Also, this legal measure is in line with the prohibition of the deputy in sin and committing a crime. On the other hand, the Islamic moral order observes the necessity of non-disclosure of guilt in this legal rule. According to the law, it is not necessary to specify the direction of the contract, but if it is specified, it should not be illegitimate. Creating grounds for lies and hypocrisy. The result of this is to pay attention to the approach and the moral and social effects of the legal conditions, leading to the formation of opinions in accordance with the moral teachings of Islam and the order of society, which can create an efficient and new look at legislative decisions.
41.Elliot, Chatherine and Frances Quinn (2000), English Legal Sistem, 3ed, London: Longman.